Tuesday, March 24, 2020
PSYC101 WorksheetTotal Points possible: 100Place your first and last name, student ID and the date of your worksheet completion in the spaces below.Student Name:Student ID: Date: This worksheet is due by 11:55pm ET Sunday at the end of Week 6 of the course termYou may work on it ahead of its deadline but may not submit it prior to its assigned week. OVERVIEW:This worksheet requires unpacking the key elements of a published scholarly journal article and demonstrating APA source citation skills, activities you will engage in frequently in the completion of a variety of assignments including essays, research papers and literature reviews in future courses. To complete the worksheet, download and save a copy of it with your first and last name in the document title, answer the questions and attach your completed copy. Quoting is not permitted. All answers must be written as paraphrases, meaning that you must restate what you read in your own words, with the exception of technical terms s uch as the names of diagnostic tests. You are not required to source credit the article in your answers to the Section I "Key Article Components" questions. Section II, "Source citing and reference listing in APA format" is where you will demonstrate knowledge of how to correctly format source crediting in APA style. Answers will be graded for accuracy, thoroughness, clarity and correct spelling and grammar.No content of this document may be removed or reordered. Answers must be inserted in the spaces provided. ================================================================================== SECTION I:KEY ARTICLE COMPONENTS 1. Previous research and authors' rationales for conducting their study100 word minimumAfter reading the article's first five paragraphs, in the space below answer these two questions: What previous research has been conducted on the article authors' same or similar topics? What were their explanations for why their study was needed?2. Research method used50 word minimumIn the space below, describe the type of research method that the article authors used in conducting their study and explain why it was well suited for an investigation of their topic (Ex: individual or group interview, case study, laboratory controlled or naturalistic observation; administration of psychological tests). Refer back to the course textbook chapter on research methods for a review of method types and their purposes. 3. Participants involved in the study 100 word length minimumIn the space below, describe in narrative form (lists and sentence fragments cannot be used) the characteristics of the participants involved in the research study conducted by the article authors. What was the number of persons who participated; where were they recruited from; what were the participant demographics; were any participant screening procedures conducted; what criteria were used to determine who participated in the study and who didn't; were participants paid or did they receive any other type of compensation for being involved in the study; etc. Note: Some of the above information is provided in the article's "Measures" section, so you will want to use both it and the "Participants and Procedures" sections to answer these questions. 4. Measures usedIn the space below, list the measures used in the article authors' study. 5. Data analysesIn the space below, list the data analyses used to analyze the data gathered during the article authors' study. Note: You don't have to know how the analyses are conducted; only naming them is required here. 6. Study resultsIn the space below summarize the results of the study conducted by the article authors. 7. DiscussionIn the space below, summarize the conclusions reached by the authors in the final seven paragraphs of their article. What were their interpretations of the study results? What limitations of their study and needed future research did they note?SECTION IISOURCE CITING AND REFERENCE LISTING IN APA FORMATTip: If needed, examples of how to source credit in APA formatting style can be found in the Online Writing Lab, located at https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ The authors of the article are: Weili Lu, Philip T. Yanos, Steven M. Silverstein, Kim T. Mueser, Stanley D. Rosenberg, Jennifer D. Gottlieb, Stephanie Marcello Duva, Thanuja Kularatne, Stephanie Dove-Williams, Danielle Paterno, Danielle Hawthorne, and Giovanna Giacobbe.The article's title is: Public Mental Health Clients with Severe Mental Illness and Probable Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Trauma E xposure and Correlates of Symptom SeverityThe article was published in Volume 26, on
Friday, March 6, 2020
Career Interest Profiler Essays - Human Resource Management Career Interest Profiler Career Interest Profiler BCOM/275 February 2, 2015 Career Interest Profile After completing my career interest profile, it appears I am suited towards conventional, enterprising, and social occupations (University of Phoenix, 2014). These features indicate that I would be best in a career where I can collaborate with others utilizing data to mitigate risks and complete projects. Fitting Career Path My career path is in agreement with the career interest profile findings. My competencies of researching, strategizing, coping with pressure, applying expertise, logical thinking, and leading are consistent with my profile. The researching means I have the ability to get up to speed quickly when presented with new information and tasks. It allows me to support my opinions with evidence. My ability to produce focused and detailed plans while ensuring I see the big picture are in agreement with strategizing. I am very comfortable with data, identifying patterns, and getting to the root cause of problems by asking the right questions that support my logical thinking. Applying expertise is my understanding of how things work and the capability to effectively implement the use of every tool at my disposal in order to get things done more efficiently. Coping with pressure simply means I can stay on task and be positive through any situation. Together, all the competencies I have described support my capacity of leading. I enjoy coaching, mentoring, and developing individuals by providing clear direction, purpose, and motivation. My work culture preferences are high powered, teamwork centered, and ethical. These correlate to my career interests and competencies in many ways. The teamwork centered culture requires working in a close knit team which is interconnected with enterprising and social individuals with most if not all my competencies. In addition, the ethical preference relates to leading by setting the appropriate standards of behaviors. Demanding jobs are part of the high-powered work culture and my enterprising career interest and is sustained by my coping with pressure competency. Conclusion The results of the career interest profile further support what I already believed. The path I have chosen to ensure I do something I am truly interested in will allow me to succeed and more importantly, enjoy the ride. References UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX. (2014). Career interest profiler. Retrieved from UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX, GEN200 website.
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
W5A 597 SWOT Analysis - Essay Example The strengths of an organization could include the length of time that the business has operated which increases their expertise and competencies. In addition, the knowledge, skills, proficiencies of the leaders or executive management team also poses strengths to the firm since their competencies would define the decisions and strategies that were and would be implemented. The leadersÃ¢â¬â¢ proficiencies in the field of endeavor that the firm is undertaking would enable application of management and leadership theories which could be considered best practices in the field of discipline. Further, the design of company policies, philosophies, or procedures also help the organization achieve the defined mission, vision, and goals in the most efficient and effective manner. As such, these strengths enable the organization to exhibit financial success, gain market leadership, as well as offer products and services that benefit their various stakeholders. Likewise, objective identification of weaknesses would provide the organization with ample time, resources, and efforts to address, correct, or turn these weaknesses into strengths, as deemed possible. Weaknesses could come in terms of lack of needed resources or competencies in product development, or application of strategies for the marketing mix. Likewise, the firm could be transcending into new markets or changing leaders and members of the executive team. As such, transition periods, changes in management profile, or re-designing policies and procedures could pose challenges that might bring weaknesses in the process. Venturing into new or unknown avenues, without appropriate historical experience or expertise, could also pose difficulties for the firm. Thus, identifying these weaknesses through the SWOT analysis would enable decision-makers to make the necessary strategies to pre-empt or correct them, as deemed necessary. Concurrently, policy makers should
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Evaluation of a Business Code of Ethics - Essay Example 17). FedEx moves more than 25million packages per day and they deliver approximately 6.5 billion packages each year (Shactman, 2012). The mission statement for FedEx is: FedEx Corporation will produce superior financial returns for its shareowners by providing high value-added logistics, transportation and related information services through focused operating companies. Customer requirements will be met in the highest quality manner appropriate to each market segment served. FedEx Corporation will strive to develop mutually rewarding relationships with its employees, partners and suppliers. Safety will be the first consideration in all operations. Corporate activities will be conducted to the highest ethical and professional standards (Farfan, 2012). Section 2: Analysis The type of ethical system that FedEx uses is a rights-based system. In their Code of Ethics (the Code), they emphasize the rights of the people, whether they are employees or customers. As an example, the Code is wr itten in regular language so that everyone can understand what is said. The Code also has typical questions and answers after each section so that anyone reading the Code can apply what the code says to specific situations. FedEx emphasizes that Ã¢â¬Å"Lawful and ethical behavior is critical to our continued success and is requiredÃ¢â¬ (FedEx, 2012, Ã¢â¬Å"CodeÃ¢â¬ p.5) . The company also states that although the entire Code is important, there are some parts that will effect employees and contractors, while other parts of the Code may be more relevant to management. They have created a Code that is important for everyone to read, understand, and ask questions if they do not understand something. How the Code is Used and its Results The major aspects of the Code state that anyone who sees anything that is against the Code should report these instances. This seems to create challenges because some people may something they think is a violation and this may not be the case. Manag ement. Management is responsible for their own adherence to the Code, but they also are responsible to make sure that their employees are also adhering to the code. Managers are to be the example to all employees of both ethical and lawful behavior. The company believes that Ã¢â¬Å"Proper business conduct encourages loyalty from our team membersÃ¢â¬ (FedEx, Ã¢â¬Å"CodeÃ¢â¬ , p. 5). They expect managers to have a high level of positive conduct in every situation. Managers are expected to respect the company and its employees and to read and understand the Code on many levels. They are to take charge of their departments and take seriously any reports by their employees about Code violations. They are also supposed to make sure they take appropriate action when there are violations. Managers are also supposed to monitor the employees to anticipate any problems that may occur. As an example, they are to Ã¢â¬Å"anticipate, prevent, and detectÃ¢â¬ (FedEx, Ã¢â¬Å"CodeÃ¢â¬ , p. 6 ) any violations within their departments. Employees. FedEx has in place a way for employees to complain if they see a violation of the Code. As an example, if an individual feels they have not been promoted because the manager is making a biased judgment instead of one made on merit, they can follow the protocol to have this assessed. Anything that happens in the workplace that they feel is against the Cod
Sunday, January 26, 2020
Effects Of Television Programmes And Cartoons On Children Media Essay Word of media plural of word of medium which comes from Latin and it means as well as a device, environment and kind of media tool which we use when we communicate. On the other hand, we use the word of media in Turkish language and that sounds unkind than other versions but at the same time we use mass communication medium conception. However, the word is not a Turkish word but created a close relation with the meaning and usage of the word. Nevertheless, the words of media concept or mediums kind of wrong usages shows us that how impractical of the concept and that word has entered our language as well as creating confusion. (Halil NalÃ §aoÃâÃ ¸lu , 2003, Medya ve Toplum, Ips ÃâÃ °letiÃâ¦Ã ¸im VakfÃâÃ ± YayÃâÃ ±nlarÃâÃ ±, ÃâÃ °stanbul) After all commited researches, we saw that mass communications tools was investigating effects of delivered messages on upon the targets from the beginnings to date. For that reason, receivers of messages in other words audiance or listeners situations were carried an important weight and it was aroused more attention than other components of communication. The audience understand the message of the acceptance of active or passive, the research found likely to be correct, however, dubious, questionable, problematic parts formed. (Ãâ¦Ã ¾ahinde Yavuz, 2005, Medya ve ÃâÃ °zleyici, Bitmeyen TartÃâÃ ±Ãâ¦Ã ¸ma, Vadi YayÃâÃ ±nlarÃâÃ ±, Ankara) Today on the role of media influence and a lot of research has been done. Researchers, the event continues today, according to the liberal pluralist approach, especially the visual media presentation and a principled understanding of the task falls on the way up was needed. To give a presentation of the message by the principles of ethical norms on the one hand, and how the presentation of the message transmitted limits on the other hand, also sets the line between social media and are defending the thesis. (AyÃâ¦Ã ¸e ÃâÃ °nal, 2003, Medya ve Toplum, Ips ÃâÃ °letiÃâ¦Ã ¸im VakfÃâÃ ± YayÃâÃ ±nlarÃâÃ ±, ÃâÃ °stanbul) IMPORTANCE OF THE SUBJECT In a study showed that the most enjoyable period of childhood, developmental psychologist and expert pedagogues by Before Transaction between the ages of 4-7 is called the period. Increases childrens imagination at this stage, games and toys become the most important part of life. Children are very much is egocentric. On the basis of the world as they experience the feeling that the world spins around them and they are the only human beings. One of the most characteristic feature of this universe of inanimate objects human characteristics is they believe that lifeless objects can be alive. In kids world, any change in terms of cognitive development may be having full faith. For example; Gadgets like the fairy tale Puss in Boots camel can turn into cats or mice. At times like this kind of thinking goes, is sometimes startling. In fact, these kind of fantastic games, movies, stories and fun stuff are tools to enhance creativity of our children, us and that enrich our relationship. To a chieve this positive goal, what we need to do is have some mandatory approaches. And this approach results in what direction the research is going to be a case and that will be examined in accordance with references of the researches. A study of violence in television programs and cartoons to the elements and their activities were examined and children were observed to behave differently after watching violent content on television cartoons. The pre-school children used in this study and 100 children were observed before and after watching TV. One group was watching violent cartoons, while the other group, no aggression, non-line of the content of movies are provided. Children who were watching violent movies were observed to fight with other children more and go against to their parents and be more impatient of their behaviours examined by the researchers. Educators and pedagogues are also identified by the new generation that childrens programs and cartoons are no different than an adult programmes and shows on television. That shows feels a little girl like a teenage girl and boys who feels like the cartoon heroes subjects unsuitable topics according to childrens age and subjects do not conform to the developmental characteristics of children. That puts at risk of these young children mental health. (Sevil GÃ ¼mÃ ¼Ãâ¦Ã ¸, Pedagogue, Istanbul, 2010) When we consider all these things and we get these results that creativity and thinking system of a child is effecting when watching cartoons on the line up of films including the development of systems that are affected by some negative elements. To prevent these adverse effects from the world of cartoons for children with different solutions, rather than depriving them much easier to navigate and that will be effective results obtained by experts and research results are positive according to the data that we have. THE AIM OF THE STUDY Television has an important role in an adults life as well as a childs. Today, as a major entertainment and recreational vehicle of television programs adopted, watched and consumed by the children as much as adults. Programme-makers are aware of the diversity of the audience, and according to different age groups and educational programs are designed in order to their targets. Cartoons are among these programmes and fundamentally children are the main target for these productions. Primary school age children in the period preceding its relationship with television are identical for the purposes of discovery. Television programs, especially the bright, vibrant and fast-changing elements, moving characters, strongly the sound or light gets childrens attention and affects them. Pre-school children meet with violence watching TV cartoons and that makes them become ready for violence watching these unreal but lively and brighter images. Especially share of cartoons has a big responsibility in that. School-age is a very important period for children as they tend to be more violence and shows aggressive behaviours in terms of their impacts of behaviours because their age. During this period, a child develops increased attention. They have an ability to understand and follow the continuity in the stories. The described events as implicit in their conclusions and approves the actions or movements of the characters and its mimics. The trend in this period and violence in children varies and changes if they watch violent programs. Especially those who follow such programs which reflects the real world of violence and those children who believed himself a hero shows aggressive behavior in real life is seen to increase. During the adolescent period, affected by television charactersor identity formation is less than younger ages. But this young teenage children are more convinient to copy violence the in the television or criminal behavior by mimicking, shows us a rebel behaviour of traditional authority challenged behavior can be exposed. (Josephson, W.L.,1995, Television violence: A review of the effects on chÃâÃ ±ldren of dÃâÃ ±fferent ages. Canadian Heritage.) Cartoons colorful, exaggerated and full of fun world, impresses kids big time and at the same time entertains their world. Because of the level of creativity and thinking system of the children are very different from adults as children watchs cartoons and feels themselves part of what the watch and that develops their creativity. The cartoons and events they watch and follow in a way thats much easier to adopt and internalize for them. Therefore, cartoons has important activity during childrens internalization period and that learning and observing creates different worlds in childs thinking system. But the cartoons can be adversely affected in many elements on children especially discernment wise submits and shows us that the ones who did not reach the level of understanding and judging could be way more affected. Because watching the cartoons, childrens world slowly begins to become a part of it. If the necessary intervention is not made a child makes himself part of that fantasy world and cuts the reality between that world and real life. That affects negatively childrens development. They start losing adaptation of the real world and ignore what happening around them. They start becoming some other character which does not exist in real world. (ÃâÃ °dil Seda AK, 2010, Ãâ¡ocuk GeliÃâ¦Ã ¸imi UzmanÃâÃ ±, Istanbul) The most affected social groups of the television broadcasts are today, children. The broadcasts influences their personality development and socialization who are at the stage of development also well known by the community. To protect children from negative effects of television broadcasts for both national and international levels, the various arrangements being made every day and joint operations are conducted. Those programs particularly interested by the children and can cause series of physical, mental and moral development damages. The world authorities are working on them not to be too violent and kind of measures taken in the direction of interest is still being investigated as we are not sure if we are on the right direction. (Dr. A.Zahid Akman, RTÃÅ"K, 2006, ÃâÃ °lkÃ ¶ÃâÃ ¸retim Ãâ¡aÃâÃ ¸ÃâÃ ±ndaki Ãâ¡ocuklarÃâÃ ±n Televizyon ÃâÃ °zleme AlÃâÃ ±Ãâ¦Ã ¸kanlÃâÃ ±klarÃâÃ ± Kamuoyu AraÃâ¦Ã ¸tÃâÃ ±rmasÃâÃ ±, Istanbul) RESOURCES TÃ ¼rkiyede KarikatÃ ¼r, Ãâ¡izgi Roman Ve Ãâ¡izgi Film, ÃâÃ °letiÃâ¦Ã ¸im YayÃâÃ ±nlarÃâÃ ±, 1994 Television violence: A review of the effects on children of different ages. Josephson, W.L Canadian Heritage, 1995 Children and Television, The Annals of The American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, Sage Publications, Inc, Philadelphia, USA, 1998 Impact of media on children and adolescents: A 10-year review of the research, Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 2001 Televizyon ve Ãâ¡ocuk, www.medyaokuryazarligi.org.tr, RTÃÅ"K AraÃâ¦Ã ¸tÃâÃ ±rmalarÃâÃ ±, 2003, TÃ ¼rkiye Medya ve Toplum, Medya ve Toplum ÃâÃ °liÃâ¦Ã ¸kisini Anlamak ÃÅ"zere Bir Ãâ¡erÃ §eve, IPS ÃâÃ °letiÃâ¦Ã ¸im Vakfi YayÃâÃ ±nlarÃâÃ ±, ÃâÃ °stanbul, 2003 Medya ve ÃâÃ °zleyici, Bitmeyen TartÃâÃ ±Ãâ¦Ã ¸ma, Vadi YayÃâÃ ±nlarÃâÃ ±, Ankara, 2005 ÃâÃ °lkÃ ¶ÃâÃ ¸retim Ãâ¡aÃâÃ ¸ÃâÃ ± Ãâ¡ocuklarÃâÃ ± ÃâÃ °Ã §in TV ÃâÃ °zleme AraÃâ¦Ã ¸tÃâÃ ±rmasÃâÃ ±, RTÃÅ"K AraÃâ¦Ã ¸tÃâÃ ±rmalarÃâÃ ±, 2005-2006, TÃ ¼rkiye Medya Ãâ¦Ã ¾iddet Toplum, Anadolu ÃÅ"niversitesi YayÃâÃ ±nlarÃâÃ ±, EskiÃâ¦Ã ¸ehir, 2007 Ãâ¡ocuklar ve Ãâ¡izgi Filmler, www.bebek.com ÃâÃ °dil Seda AK, Ãâ¡ocuk GeliÃâ¦Ã ¸imi UzmanÃâÃ ±, ÃâÃ °stanbul, 2010 Ãâ¡ocuk ve Ãâ¡izgi Filmler, www.saglik.net Sevil GÃ ¼mÃ ¼Ãâ¦Ã ¸, Pedagog, ÃâÃ °stanbul, 2010
Saturday, January 18, 2020
Billy Budd, Sailor, a novel by Herman Melville, at first sight, seems like it is nothing else but the story of a sailor who is executed after being wrongly accused of mutiny. But when one examines the story deeply one finds that the story has a different meaning and that Billy Budd resembles Christ in many ways. Billy Budd as a Christ figure According to the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s description, Billy Budd, the main protagonist, like Christ was handsome, pure and as innocent as a child in a world full of evil men. He had the same physical features of Christ. Like Christ, he had blue eyes and a symmetrical figure. The resemblance is evident in the first chapter when Captain Graveling, after the crew stopped fighting as soon as Billy joined them, says that Billy neither preached nor said anything to the crew. There was a kind of virtuousness in him that reached out to people. (Melville, 1924) The author here alludes to Christ who was also virtuous and healed all those who came into contact with him. The symbolism is more evident in the end chapters, especially in the scenes of the death of Billy Budd. For instance, Captain Vere cries, Ã¢â¬Å"Struck dead by an angel of God! Ã¢â¬ (Melville, 1924) after Billy strikes Claggart, and then says, Ã¢â¬Å"Yet the angel must hangÃ¢â¬ , (Melville, 1924) when he realizes that Billy has to die. Billy, before he dies, says, Ã¢â¬Å"God bless Captain VereÃ¢â¬ . (Melville, 1924) All this reminds us of Christ. Christ like Billy in the novel forgave all those who were responsible for his death. The resemblance is all the more evident in the last chapter when Billy is executed. Here the author describes how BillyÃ¢â¬â¢s shipmates worship the gallows from which Billy was hung. ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s followers too worshipped the Cross. The setting and all the events that take place have a striking resemblance to the events that took place when Christ was executed. In conclusion it can be said that Billy Budd in the novel is not an ordinary sailor but a Christ-like figure, a symbol of Christ with characteristics of Christ. Just as Christ was a victim of an antagonistic society and had to sacrifice his life, Billy Budd too was an innocent victim of society and had to sacrifice his life. References Melville, Herman (1924), Billy Budd, Sailor, The University of Chicago Press, 1962.
Friday, January 10, 2020
Having two children of his own, Paige and Josh, Dr. Jerry Pipes has written several books dedicated to families and their connection to Christ. These include Building a Successful Family, Becoming Complete and the book being reviewed, Family to Family. Pipes received his B. S. at Texas A & M University, followed by his M. A. at Southwestern and then his D. Min. at Luther Rice Seminary. He is the President of Jerry Pipes Productions, which seeks to Ã¢â¬Å"impact people through cutting edge resources and eventsÃ¢â¬ (jerrypipesproductions. com). Pipes has written instructional booklets and training processes that have exceeded 18 million copies. His teachings have spread internationally through his involvement in assemblies, crusades and conferences. According to his website, Pipes most recent trip to the Northcrest Baptist Church in Meridian, MS resulted in over 445 decisions for Christ. Co-author Victor Lee entered full-time ministry in 1995 and is currently the Minister of Single Adults and Evangelism at First Baptist Concord in Knoxville, TN. He has contributed and edited several Christian publications, including special event evangelism material. Lee and his wife, Judy, reside in Wake Forest, NC. Content SummaryÃ The cover of Family to Family shares instantly the bookÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose: a way for hurried parents to leave a lasting legacy with their children and find true significance in the process. Pipes and Lee have constructed a guide aimed at growing as a family in Christ and sharing that relationship with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s relatives, community and acquaintances. The introduction explains that the book is not a quick fix but a helpful tool for becoming a healthy, on-mission family. The books definition of family is Ã¢â¬Å"persons related to one another by marriage, blood, or adoptionÃ¢â¬ (p. 9). The first chapter discusses how to become a healthy family in Christ. Sharing shocking statistics concerning the lack of family engagement with one another, the authors instruct one to first examine oneÃ¢â¬â¢s family. They teach that a healthy family should mirror one that spends quantity and quality time together; one that expresses commitment to one another and to the family as a whole; one that has both parents equally involved in raising the children; one that finds significance in Christ; one that passing the baton of faith to the next generation; one that spends God centered time together (p. 2-15). In order to have a reflection of a healthy family, the authors suggest six spiritual growth principles which include: quiet time, lordship, development of a powerful prayer life, personalization of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s word, Christian friendships and accountability and development of a ministry (p. 13). Living out GodÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose of the Great Commission is the framework of a healthy and growing family unit (p. 15). Chapter two focuses on developing a family mission statement. The mission statement serves as a centerline that intentionally submits to the ways of Christ. GodÃ¢â¬â¢s priorities become the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s priorities. The mission statement begins with the parents and is passed down to the children. When constructing a family mission statement, the family should consider the mission of Jesus (p. 27). The authors provide several Scriptural references to this mission. They also provide five foundational elements in considering a mission statement: (1) the authority of Jesus; (2) making disciples; (3) comprehensive nature of the call to teach Ã¢â¬Å"all nations;Ã¢â¬ (4) baptize new believers; (5) the eternal presence of God (p. 28-29). The process of developing a mission statement must be fun and inclusive of all members. The family should consider their goals, take a family inventory and conceptualize and personalize the statement. The authors provide many examples of family mission statements. Since nine in ten people come to Christ before reaching age 25, the authors dedicate chapter three to passing on the baton to the next generation. This requires trust, communication, involvement and discussion. Raising children to become mature in Christ begins with the parents and is fed by the church, not the opposite. The seven key elements to mentoring to children include: modeling, presence, affirmation, praying with and for, transparency, doing things with them and not for them and making oneÃ¢â¬â¢s actions reflect the Word of God (p. 52-57). The authors give advice on family devotion and family worship (p. 60-63). Chapter four focuses on sharing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s faith outside of the home. This takes the form of lifestyle evangelism. One is taught how to minister to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s immediate family, relatives, friends, community, acquaintances and person X (p. 73). Person X is anyone who one will never (most likely) have further contact with. There is also guidance on ministering to special needs children. The authors provide several evangelism ideas for each type of relationship. They discuss ministry evangelism (including the key methods of look, listen and linger), lifestyle evangelism and family evangelism. Chapter five is closely linked to chapter four as it teaches one to go into the church. The authors share that an on-mission, healthy family will make it their effort to spread the Word of God by integrating ministry and the church (p. 7). The book gives an example of how to connect with the community while ministering through the church. It suggests a family block party that has the qualities of being inclusive, intimate, intentional, informal, interesting and imaginative. Pipes and Lee also instruct one to engage in family mission trips at least once every two years. It labels the Jesus Video as an effective and non-confrontational way to share Christ while in the mission field. Chapter six concludes the book as it teaches one to share the message. It stresses the importance of prayer and implements the heartÃ acronym in association with praying for the lost (H= heart is receptive to gospel, E= spiritual eyes and ears are open to message, A= attitude toward sin matches GodÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude, R= God releases them to believe, T= trust in Christ to live a transforming life) (p. 105). The authors provide guidance on ministering to individuals where they are in life. They teach that receptivity will come in varying levels. Most importantly chapter six teaches that one is not alone in the mission of sharing the gospel. It also gives many methods to successfully sharing which in turn raises the family to follow the ways of Christ. The conclusion is simplified into one page, challenging the family to step out and respond to the call of evangelism and to be an on-mission family. Evaluation Jerry Pipes and Victor Lee have constructed a book that convinces the reader to mature as a family in the direction of Christ. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s chapters overflow with logical and structural guidance to reaching this goal. Every section is presented in a categorized manner that is easy to follow. Along with this, the chapters include appropriate and practical examples for the particular lesson being discussed. The most interesting example provided in the book is in chapter six describing how to share the message of Christ. In this example the authors are explaining that one is not alone in the mission of spreading the gospel: After prayer, a man named Chris feels the deep need to be vulnerable and sensitive while sharing his faith. While Chris is on a plane he begins a conversation with a married couple. The couple asks Chris of his profession and he replies that he is involved in a ara-church ministry. In disgust the couple asks why he would do that. He replies in a heart-breaking manner that he, his brother and his best friend were all very depressed. The depression resulted in Chris finding Christ and the brother and best friend committed suicide. The couple is quickly moved to tears because they are on the way to bury their son who has recently committed suicide. This is a powerful story and one full of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s presence. The authors used the story to show how greatly involved the Holy Spirit is in teaching, guiding and using his followers for the advancement of the Kingdom. The inclusion of examples is a strong point found in Family to Family. The authors also include biblical support throughout the book, stressing the Scriptural references to the Great Commission. Any instruction given is accompanied by biblical command. For example, the authors teach that discovering real purpose in life involves making choices about Ã¢â¬Å"who you are and what you stand forÃ¢â¬ and reference Joshua 24:15 which states, Ã¢â¬Å"And if it seems evil to you to serve the Lord, choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve . . . But as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord. The authorÃ¢â¬â¢s main presupposition, that many families do not spend adequate time with one another sharing the Word of God and the love of Christ, is supported with statistical data (i. e. 88 percent of the children who grow up in churches leave the church and never return) (p. 50). Pipes and Lee conclude that by following the suggested guide given in Family to Family, the family unit will be more prepared to have meaningful Christ-filled relationships within and outside of the family, respond to the call of Christ and pass the baton of faith to future generations. It is difficult to point out many flaws within the book. For the purpose of this critique, the only suggestion for improvement would be to tie in the theme of family in a more distinct manner throughout the chapters. At times it seemed that it was geared more toward evangelism rather than the books stated theme of leaving a lasting legacy with children and finding significance along the way. Nonetheless, Family to Family is an appropriate guide for growing in Christ (both individually and as a family). Implementation of its strategies and suggestions may prove to be a beneficial tool to parents and singles. Dr. Pipes has shared his book internationally and has continued to win souls to Christ. Family is an important aspect of life and when molded in the way of the Lord, the family, as a unit, can share the love and knowledge of Christ with the world around them. Salvation becomes a domino effect: family to family.